Dietary Strategies to Help Manage and Reduce IBD Symptoms
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is not caused, nor can it be cured, by what you eat. Doctors and dietitians agree, however, that food may play some role in the underlying inflammatory process that causes IBD symptoms.
Certain foods may aggravate symptoms, while others may calm them and promote healing. Therefore, paying attention to what you eat and how your body responds to different foods is an important component of a total treatment plan for IBD.
A diet plan can supplement but should never replace medical treatment for IBD. Always take your medications exactly as prescribed by your doctor.
Inflammatory bowel disease is often associated with malnutrition due to:
Malnourishment and weight loss in women and girls can impact hormone levels and result in menstrual changes or missed periods. In children and teenagers, it can slow their growth and development.
Patients should talk to a doctor or dietitian to create a well-balanced diet customized for them based on the disease they have (Crohns disease or ulcerative colitis); the location and extent of their disease; and whether their disease is active or in remission.
The dietary recommendations listed here are intended to provide some very general guidelines only. There is no single eating plan that works for everyone with IBD and an ongoing collaboration with a licensed dietitian or your doctor is recommended.
Even when your symptoms are inactive, it is very important to eat a balanced diet with lots of variety. IBD medications tend to be more effective in well-nourished individuals, so try to include the following in your diet every day:
Although what you eat will not completely resolve most IBD symptoms, eating or not eating certain foods can often help to minimize them and ease discomfort. It is also advisable to eat smaller portions, more frequently.
*Many people find that it is helpful to keep a food journal to track their bodys response to certain foods. This can help to identify trigger foods to avoid. However, you should always talk to your doctor before totally eliminating any foods or food groups from your diet as this can lead to nutritional deficiencies.
Diet Guide | Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center …