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Juice industry in damage control after health star rating changed to rank lower than diet cola – ABC News

Posted: November 28, 2020 at 7:52 am

Fruit growers and processors say they are crushed by a decision to cut the health star rating (HSR) for 100-per-cent no-added-sugar juices from five stars to as low as two stars.

The decision came down to a vote at the Australian and New Zealand Ministerial Forum on Food Regulation, a group made up of state and territory ministers as part of its ongoing response to the five-year HSR review.

Food is rated from half-a-star to five stars depending on how its healthy and risk nutrients compare but the system has come in for criticism.

The Federal Government's aim in developing the ratings is to give shoppers an easy way to identify better choices of packaged and processed foods, something Agriculture Minister David Littleproud asserts is undermined by this decision.

"What I don't accept is the insanity of this decision, which really has no basis on nutritional value it really just is mind-numbingly dumb," he said.


The forum's July communique revealed Mr Littleproud's initial push to see 100-per-cent fresh fruit and vegetable juice with no added sugar receive an automatic HSR score of five stars not supported and the review recommendations were maintained.

The Minister's last chance to improve the rating was Friday's meeting, when he put forward a proposal aiming for an automatic four HSR, a rating he said was supported by the Commonwealth and the farm industry.

"This was it, this was my second crack at it. I had a go in July and got rolled and then rolled again," Mr Littleproud said.

"It would appear that our bureaucrats are working off some other scientific sheet that what reality is."

Citrus Australia chief executive Nathan Hancock said he was disappointed with the decision.

"It sends a really poor message to our consumers, who, let's face it, need to have more fruit and vegetables," he said.

"Being told that diet soda is better for them than a juice product, we think, is confusing.

"Ministers across the country were given the opportunity to review the information that we provided them on the health benefits of natural juices, and unfortunately states like Queensland let us down."

What's going on behind the star ratings? ABC Fact Check investigates.

Mr Hancock said the forum had overlooked the nutritional benefits of drinking juices that cannot be gained from a manufactured product with artificial sweetener.

"The message that they've been giving us is that they want people to drink more water, because it's better for hydration, and they want to take sugar out of the diet," he said.

"Because diet soft drinks have artificial sugars, it elevates them above juices which have natural sugars."

Mr Hancock said the campaign against sugar was painting every type of sugar in a bad light.

"The desire to stamp sugar out of the consumers' diet has been misconstrued and taken off in a different direction," he said.

"There's so many other products consumers are eating these days, unwittingly eating sugar it's added sugar, it's not naturally in the product."

Mr Hancock said although he was not sure in reality how many people used the HSR when selecting products, it was bound to have a knock-on effect.

"If you do use that system and you let it guide you in the choices that you make, then you're going to be given a bum steer here.

"The other effect is that producers will stop using the HSR system on their products.

"They don't have any faith in it, they don't trust it it's sending a poor message to the consumer and I think we'll see businesses stop using it."

Major juice processors like Nippy's in South Australia are disappointed in the outcome and fear the new downgraded rating will have a significant impact on the industry.

Jeff Knispel, joint managing director of Nippy's group of companies, said the decision to rate Diet Coke higher than fresh juice was counterintuitive.

He believed a health star rating implied a full package of health benefits.

"If you take out all of the nutrients in how you score well in this rating system and focus on sugar, the question is then raised: 'Well, why are we calling it a health star rating?'

"If you are so insistent on the sugar focus, why don't you call it a sugar star rating, because to call it a health star rating is bordering on deceptive."

Nippy's companies in South Australia alone produce about 12.5 million litres of juice per year.

Mr Knispel said they now decided to remove the health star rating from their packaging to limit the negative impact on their products.

"As a company, we don't want to promote a negative message with anything we do with our packaging, so we will remove the logo.

"It's not good news for us, but we will just deal with it as best as we can."

Citrus SA chair Mark Doecke said the group feared it could be faced with less fresh fruit sales, impacting growers and processors.

"If you look at sugar only, of course the Diet Coke has got less sugar in it so it is going to get a higher rating, but it's a bit of a silly way of looking at a product," he said.

Granite Belt Growers Association vice president Nathan Boronio said it certainly made him question the relevance of the HSR.

"I can't understand why they would want to encourage people to move away from fresh fruit juice."

He said he feared the worst outcome would see people shying away from fruit juice, reducing demand and resulting in fruit being wasted.

"We want to ensure that fruit wastage in this country is reduced; if you discourage people from drinking apple juice, we are going to have more apples being dumped."

Mr Hancock shares those fears and said he was worried about what would happen if juice was widely thought of as unhealthy.

"As an industry we can't afford to have that happen.

"There's a lot of pressure on growers to look at what variety of crop they grow we might start to see this isn't a viable industry for them into the future, and we may see less and less orange juice produced in Australia."

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Juice industry in damage control after health star rating changed to rank lower than diet cola - ABC News

13 Foods to Boost Your Immune System and Fight Sickness – The Beet

Posted: November 28, 2020 at 7:52 am

This winter, tohave a stronger immune response to the invaders (virus particles that enter your lungs, blood cells, and organs and wreak havoc and cause inflammation) you need to eat a diet high in plant-based foods. Doctors have begun recommending to patients that they switch to a mostly plant-based diet, especially those in the highest risk groups: Overweight, diabetic, over 60, and male. One doctorurges his patientsto eat mostly fruit and vegetables and stay away from inflammation-causing meat, dairy, and processed food, in light of COVID-19.

Your immune system's response is the only thing that can fight COVID. All other therapies are in support of your immune system. If your system is weak or overtaxed with other existing conditions, including obesity or diabetes, it can over-react, creating the "cytokine storm" of inflammation that leads to a cascade of complications that make it harder for your body to self-regulate as it attempts to create antibodies to the virus (essentially molecules that recognize the virus invaders and deploy through the bloodstream to neutralize them)

Immunity is built when your body has to fight off everything fromeveryday aging to infections. And the building blocks of your immunity arehelped by the micronutrients in your food, such as antioxidants and vitamins and minerals, and nothing delivers those better than fruits and vegetables, legumes and nuts and seeds. The flip side is also true, that studies show a diet high in red meat and processed foods can cause inflammation, and in the case of COVID-19, inflammation is the enemy. Patients who do the worst when confronted with this virus are those who are overweight, have chronic inflammation, high blood pressure, or are otherwise immune-compromised.

Here are the foods that are shown to fight inflammation and boost immunity. Eat them now for a stronger immune system, whether you are dealing with COVID-19 or another potential disease that requires your body to be healthier now and later. That includes almost every disease known to man. To be healthier, meaning to build cells that are able to function without bombardment from toxins, oxidization, infection, and internal destruction, plant-based foods are your best bet.

These foods are known to supercharge your immune system, which is your body's defense against infection and illness. It works by recognizing cells that make up your body and will fight off anything unfamiliar. It destroys germs (bacteria and viruses) and parasites. Eat these to bolster your white blood cells and the supporting teams that keep them ready for battle.Healthline compiled the listand The Beet added even more research to bolster the facts.

Your body does not produce vitamin C, which means you need to get it daily to have enough to create healthy collagen (the building blocks for your skin and healing). Also known asascorbic acid, vitamin C is a water-soluble nutrient found inleafy greens and citrus, especially grapefruit, oranges, tangerines, lemons, limes, and clementines. It acts as an antioxidant,protecting cells fromdamage caused by free radicals.

How much do you need a day:The recommended daily amount to shoot for is 65 to 90 milligrams a day, which is the equivalent of one small glass of orange juice or eating a whole grapefruit. Almost all citrus fruits are high in vitamin C. With such a variety to choose from, it's easy to get your fill.

Want even more vitamin C,add red bell peppers to your salad or pasta sauce. One medium-sized red bell pepper contains 152 milligrams of vitamin C, or enough to fulfill your RDA.

Peppers are also a great source of beta carotene, aprecursor of vitamin A (retinol). VitaminAis important for healthy skin, your mucous membranes and your immune system.Beta carotene helps keep your eyes and skin healthy, as well. One cooked pepper has 19 percent of your daily recommended amount of beta carotene.

How much beta carotene do you need a day:You should try to get 75 to 180 microgramsa day which is the equivalent of one medium bell pepper a day. But a red pepper has more than two and a half times your RDA for vitamin C so eat them all winter long.

3. Broccoli, But Eat It Nearly Raw, to get the Most Nutrients Out of It!

Broccolimay be the most super of superfoods on the planet. It's rich in vitamins A and C as well as E. The phytochemicals in it are great for arming and strengthening yourimmune system.

Broccoli is a good source of lutein, a powerful antioxidant, and sulforaphane, another potent antioxidant. Itcontains additional nutrients, including some magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, and iron. The key to keeping its powerful nutrients intact and ready for helping the body's immune response is to cook it as little as possible or even eat it raw.

Lutein is one of 600 known naturally occurring carotenoids and is found in high quantities ingreen leafy veggies such as spinach and kale.

There's another thing you need to know aboutbroccoli,and why it's important to not overcook it. Broccoli contains sulforaphane, a gas that is a killer to a bug in the gardenand in the body.Sulforaphane is a sulfur-rich compound found in several cruciferous vegetableslike bok choy, cabbage, and kale, butbroccoli delivers the most. When a bug bites into the stalk, leaf, or flowering bud of the plant it releases this sulfuric gas that kills the invaders, thereby protecting the plant. This is the same agent that gives broccoli that sulfuric smell when you cook it, so don't overcook it since you'd rather all of that end up in your body than in the kitchen air. Cook it too much and the gas escapes into your kitchen, so if you want to keep it in the plant, and delivered it to your body, lightly steam the green and add it to your meal barely cooked through.

How much lutein should you eat in a day: There is no RDA for lutein, but experts say get at least 6 milligrams.

Garlics immune-boosting propertiesare tied to itssulfur-containing compounds, such as allicin. Allicin is thought to improve your immune cells' ability to fight off colds and flu, and viruses of all kinds. (Smelling more garlic on the subway? It could be smart coronavirus management.) Garlic also has anti-microbial and anti-viral properties thought to fight off infections.

5. Ginger is a Power Player for Immunity and Digestion

Ginger is another ingredient that has super properties when it comes to fighting off illness. It has been shown todecrease inflammation, which can helpif you get swollen glands or a sore throat or anyinflammatoryailment.

Gingerol,the main bioactive compound in ginger, is a relative of capsaicin, can be used in sweet or spicy dishes. It has been found to alleviate pain and fight nausea, which is the reason ginger ale was given for upset stomachs, back when it contained actual ginger. Now few store-bought formulations do. Make your own ginger tea. Gingerol is responsible for much of its medicinal properties. It has powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidantbenefits.

How muchshould you eat a day: Most recommendations land on 34 grams of ginger extract a day, or up to four cups of ginger tea, but no more than 1 gram a day if you are pregnant. Some studies have linked high dosages to an increased risk of miscarriage.

Spinachis not only packed with vitamin C but also antioxidants and beta carotene, both of which give your immune system the healthy boost it needs to fight off invaders.

Don't overcook your spinach, since the more it's cooked the less active the antioxidants will be. If you eat it raw or lightly steamed you'll keep more of the nutrients intact.

How much should you eat a day:Aim for 1 cup freshspinachor 1/2 cup cooked perday, but this isthe right moment to try the raw or slightly wilted approach. Order warm or wilted spinach salad when you go out, or make it yourself with olive oil, pine nuts, and vegan parm.

7. Almonds for the Win, Pop Them Like Candy

Vitamin E in almonds will help ward off colds and flu and is key to your immune system humming along. Its afat-solublemolecule, meaning it requires the presence of fat to be absorbed, so nuts arethe perfect package for E to make it into your system.

How much should you eat in a day:A half-cup serving, or46 whole, shelled almonds, providesalmost 100 percent of your RDA of vitamin E. Almonds are great for you but they don't come with a "free" pass, since 1/4 cup is a serving and has 162 calories, so double that for your RDA and you're eating about 325 calories. Throw them into smoothies instead.

If you ever feel healthier for eating curry, it is probably because of the Tumeric, which is an ingredient that gives it its burnt orange color. But this highly pigmented spice is known for its anti-inflammatory qualities. The ingredientcurcumin hasbeen found to decrease muscle soreness after a hard workout. How it helps immunity? decrease exercise-induced muscle damage.

Tumeric bolsters theimmunesystem by stimulating antibody formation and people with auto-immune diseases are told by their doctors to take 500 mg of curcumin daily to reduce inflammation and stave off soreness.

How much should you eat in a day: Try adding extra Tumeric to your diet during periods of stress or during flu season. Or take500-2,000 mg ofcurcuminto help fight inflammation and power up your immune system.

9. Green Tea by the Gallon, Skip the Coffee andSipthis Instead

Whether you prefer green tea or black tea, you will benefit from the compounds calledflavonoids, powerful antioxidants.Green tea has highlevels of EGCG, (epigallocatechin gallate) another hard-working antioxidant.

EGCG is known to boost immune function, and originally all tea leaves contain this anti-oxidant, but when black tea is fermented it deactivates mostof the EGCG. Green tea is steamed so the EGCG isstill active when you drink it.

Green tea also containsL-theanine, an anti-oxidant which appears to help in the production of T-cells in your body, the killerL-theanine may aid in the production of germ-fighting compounds in your T-cells.

How much green tea should you drink in a day: The optimal amount isthree to five cups in a day,but most people won't get to that level. Any amount is better than nothing. Swap out ausual beverage dailyfor green tea could improve your health.

10. Papaya, The Tropical Healer to Keep You Vacation-Healthy All Year Round

Papaya deliversover twice yourrecommended daily amount of vitamin C inone fruit -- though you're likely to eat a few slices on a salad or in a smoothie.It also contains an enzyme called papain that has anti-inflammatory effects -- and inflammation is one factor in most illnesses, so avoiding it can help your body fight off bacterial infections like sinusitis.

Papayas containpotassium, vitamin B, and folate, which is a powerful cell rebuilder. Exactly how folic acid works to build immunity is linked to its role inprotein synthesis, and researchers think that any mechanism in which cells proliferate can be affected (which is why it's critical for pregnant women). People who are folate-deficienthave compromised immune systems.

How much folate should youeat a day: Whether you are pregnant or not, folate (vitamin B9) is a great vitamin to keep your cells healthy and strong. The recommendation is 400 micrograms a day, or get it from legumes, spinach, papayas, and avocados.

When you think of anti-oxidants, you should think of fruits that grow in the sun, since their vitamin pack comes from having to fight off the oxidation of the strong rays that beat down on them in the tropics. Kiwis are a great example. They are full of folate, vitamin K, vitamin C, and potassium.

These vitamins in combination work in the body to build healthy cells, fight infection and keep your immune system humming along. Vitamin K deficiency is rare but when people don't have enough they suffer from weak bones and compromised immune systems. The inflammation system in the body is also dependent on vitamin K, especially your killerT cells that mobilize and fight cancer and other diseases.

How much should you eat in a day: Vitamin K is one of the unsung heroes of the body. Women shouldget 90 micrograms a day, and menshould have120 micrograms.

12. Sunflower seeds to sprinkle on salads or eat by themselves

Most seeds are chock-o-block with nutrients since they give the plant its healthy start. But sunflower seeds are especially healthy since they provide phosphorus, magnesium and vitamin B-6 as well as vitamin E.Your immune system needs vitamin E to function at full throttle.You can also get vitamin E fromavocados and spinach and broccoli.

How much should you eat in a day:Anywhere from1 ounce (30 grams) per dayto a healthy handful is considered healthy, but because they are high in sodium you might want to refrain from eating the entire bag. The raw seeds have 204 calories per quarter cup.

13. Miso, Soup or Paste to Add to Your Soups and Salad Dressings

You've had miso soup at your favorite Japanese restaurant and perhaps even thought: "This tastes incredibly healthy! If a bit salty." Both thoughts are true. Miso is a fermented paste that adds a salty umami flavor to many Japanese dishes and soup. Most miso is made in Japan, where the ingredient has been used since the eighth century.

Misoneeds no preparation andadds a touch of saltiness to soups,marinades, and dressings. Some people credit miso as a factor in Japanese longevity. Japan has more centenarians per capita of the population than anywhere else in the world and Japan has one of the lowest rates of obesity.

The nutrients in miso -- which is a soybean paste that has been fermented with salt and a koji starter -- boostsimmune system functionby delivering healthy probiotics tothe gut, making yourmicrobiome healthier. How doesMiso benefit your immune system?It is a "sirt" food, which are foods that contain high levels of sirtuins or proteins that regulate cells and activate metabolism. A diet high in sirts is believed to lead to weight loss, increased wellness, and longevity.

How much should you eat in a day?

Researchersbelieve that consuming one bowl of miso soup per day, as is the tradition in Japan,lowers the risks of breast cancer. Other than its high sodium content there is no reason to stay away from miso with all its varied health benefits. We say cheers to that.

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13 Foods to Boost Your Immune System and Fight Sickness - The Beet

Shawn Mendes lost sleep to work out and thought he’d lose fans if not – Insider – INSIDER

Posted: November 28, 2020 at 7:52 am

Shawn Mendes opened up about the pressure he was under to have a perfect body, which led him to sacrifice sleep so he could wake up early and exercise.

"Some days I would have three hours of sleep, [because] I'd get up two hours early just to be able to work out," the 22-year-old singer told British GQ in a new interview.

Mendes said the constant need to be the "pinnacle of fitness" negatively affected him, and he'd think to himself, "If you don't work out, you're going to lose fans."

The "Wonder" singer, who rose to fame as an internet personality on the now-defunct app Vine, also said that his 2019 Calvin Klein campaign exacerbated his concern.

He credited meditating, journaling, and girlfriend Camila Cabello with helping him to come to terms with his physique.

Shawn Mendes and Camila Cabello in November 2019. Steve Granitz/WireImage

Regarding Cabello, Mendes said that her classy and "empathetic" reaction to public scrutiny about her own body "really changed my view of mine. It really changed my life."

"Taking that extra few hours of sleep, instead of waking up to pump iron, is a better choice sometimes," the singer said.

Mendes also previously discussed his diet and exercise routine in a 2018 interview with Rolling Stone.

"I eat tons of carbs," the "Treat You Better" singer said.

"I just work out a lot, dude. I go to the gym every morning, and I'm obsessed with fitness and just staying active. But I'm not the best to talk about when it comes to diet. If there's fries in front of me, I'm definitely not gonna say no."

Shawn Mendes lost sleep to work out and thought he'd lose fans if not - Insider - INSIDER

Everything You Need to Know About Boosting Your Gut Health – The Beet

Posted: November 28, 2020 at 7:52 am

Heads up to plant eaters: Sugary foods and stress arent a good combo for your gut. Get the scoop on how these factors and others can put that gut out of balance, possibly driving you to have too much of a fungus called Candida.

Time for some truth-telling: While I follow a whole-food, plant-only diet, Ive let my habits slip. As this pandemic has raged, so, too, has my sweet tooth, and even though everything Im indulging in is vegan, Ive nonetheless splurged more than normal. Add to that increased stress, which has caused numerous sleepless nights, and although Im not battling any health woes, have maintained a normal weight, and am still an avid exerciser, I knew there would be consequences.

So I wasnt surprised when a gut microbiome test (where you sendan excrement sample through the mail to be analyzed) revealed the effects: The balance between my bacteria and fungi was off, and I was veering higher in a fungus called Candida. That left me wondering: How common is this, and what can you do if you suspect Candida is a problem?

Although your gut is composed of trillions of microorganisms, all of which make up your gut microbiome, bacteria and fungi consist of the majority. When theyre in balance, they work together to break down food, supporting each other while benefiting you as the host, says Mahmoud Ghannoum, Ph.D., M.B.A., co-founder and chief scientific officer of BIOHMHealth, director of the Center for Medical Mycology at Case Western University in Cleveland, Ohio, and author of Total Gut Balance.

Beneficial bacteria (like Saccharomyces, Bifidobacterium, and Lactobacillus) act as a police officer, keeping bad guys or pathogens under control, producing small molecules that play a role in supporting your immunity and sending signals to the brain that aid in stress and mood. Meanwhile, fungi can support gut health by regulating immune responses throughout the body. When the two are in harmony, the bacteria outnumber the fungi so that you should have higher levels of ones like Saccharomyces and lower levels of Candida.

Yet when theres an imbalance in your microbiome, whats called dysbiosis, those bacteria and fungi still work together but against your detriment, Ghannoum says. The fungi gain the ability to invade their host (aka you) while the bacteria develop an antibacterial tolerance. The result? Unwanted gastrointestinal symptoms as well as inflammation.

While there are numerous fungi that might be out of whack, Candida is often the main one. Its responsible for the majority of fungal infections worldwide and is the third most common infection in hospitals, Ghannoum says. Based on data from the BIOHM gut test, about 94 percent of individuals have Candida in their gut, and although studies to determine how common Candida overgrowth is are lacking, BIOHM data shows that 18.5 percent of people have Candida overgrowth.

Numerous factors may contribute to gut imbalance, but the most impactful is sugar, especially when referring to Candida. Candida overgrowth is most often triggered by excess sugar in the American diet, says Jacob Teitelbaum, M.D., Hawaii-based board-certified internist and author of From Fatigued to Fantastic and The Complete Guide to Beating Sugar Addiction.

The average individual consumes 18 percent of his or her calories from sugar, eating a whopping 140 pounds of sugar every year. That sets up the perfect condition in your gut for yeast-like Candida to grow. Yeast grows by fermenting sugar, leaving millions of people who have had their gut transformed to a fermentation tank, Teitelbaum says.

And it doesnt matter if the sugar occurs naturally or is in organic, junk, or even vegan food. You could be vegan and slug 36 ounces of soda a day, consuming 27 spoons of sugar, and your gut will still suffer. If its fermentable, it increases Candida growth, Teitelbaum says.

While eating a sugar-rich diet can lead to Candida overgrowth, there are other factors involved. Lifestyle habits like having elevated stress levels and not logging adequate sleep can cause an imbalance, Ghannoum says. Antibiotics, immune system problems, gut permeability issues, and vitamin deficiencies may even set you up for trouble.

So how do you know if youve got issues in your gut balance? While you can undergo a stool test, Teitelbaum says the best way is to look for digestive symptoms. If you have gas, bloating, diarrhea or constipation, that suggests a microbial imbalance in your gut, he says, adding that Candida is the most common cause of these symptoms. In fact, if one of his patients has irritable bowel syndrome and/or chronic nasal congestion, which can happen in tandem, hell suspect Candida overgrowth until proven otherwise.

You can also use the dysbiosis risk checklist provided by Ghannoum (see the bottom of the article). Note that its not meant to diagnose an issue and just because youre at higher risk doesnt mean you have it now. You may have suffered from microbiome imbalance in the past thats now resolved, he says. For instance, if you were born by C-section and were on antibiotics as a child, you may have not have had as diverse or robust a microbiome, but if youve lived healthy for many years, you may have overcome that microbiome imbalance.

If you dont get this type of overgrowth under control, you can suffer yeast-related health issues like athletes foot, thrush, and vaginitis. Candida can also cause or worsen many other health issues like antibiotic-associated diarrhea, IBD and possibly IBS, Candida arthritis, allergies, inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract, and serious infections like those on the skin and in the kidneys, Ghannoum says.

Because so much of Candida overgrowth depends on what you put in your mouth, making dietary changes is your first step to getting that gut in balance. The obvious switch? Cut your sugar intake and avoid fruit juices, which have similar amounts of sugar as soda, Teitelbaum says. Instead of drinking the fruit juice, eat the whole fruit so choose oranges over orange juice, for instance.

Along with all sugar (although Ghannoum notes that maple syrup and honey may have benefits for the gut), avoid alcohol. And if youre not yet fully plant-based, ditch high-fat red meat, processed meat, and full-fat dairy products.

Then load your diet with polyphenols, which you can find in vegetables, fruits, nuts and seeds. Polyphenols feed the bacteria that keeps Candida under control, Ghannoum says. At the same time, increase plant-based proteins and fats and make sure youre eating plenty of anti-inflammatory foods, especially cruciferous vegetables. Ginger, turmeric, deglychrrhizinated licorice, and marshmallow root can also help fight inflammation.

What Ghannoum calls microbiome power foods should also be part of your diet. They include green tea, sweet potatoes, pistachios, onions, brown rice, mushrooms, and fermented foods. Just dont overdo the carbohydrates or excessive carbs could wind up feeding Candida. Instead, stick with one serving of whole-food carbs at each meal.

Supplements may even help. Ghannoum recommends three: A multivitamin; probiotic with S. boulardi, a fungal strain that works to balance Candida levels and support overall microbiome health; and anti-fungal supplements, notably those that include garlic, polyphenols and grapeseed extract.

And of course, youll need to make some lifestyle changes. Get that stress under control, and while its impossible to avoid all antibiotics, avoid unnecessary ones, which can open the door for Candida excess, Ghannoum says. Although you shouldnt go against your doctors advice, always ask if an antibiotic is truly necessary.

With all of these strategies in place, you can expect to see changes in any symptoms youre having within two to four weeks.

Use this checklist created by Ghannoum to determine if youre at greater risk for dysbiosis. The more questions you answer 'yes' to, the higher your risk for dysbiosis may be. As always, consult your healthcare professional to learn more.

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Everything You Need to Know About Boosting Your Gut Health - The Beet

What do fishers eat? Theres only one way to know for sure –

Posted: November 28, 2020 at 7:52 am

Messenger Post Media| MPNnow

CANADICE A scalpel in her right hand, Chloe Bliss begins cutting into the brownish-pink organ she holds in her left.

This is part of her job as a work-study student at Finger Lakes Community College. Her boss is professor John Van Niel, coordinator of the colleges fish and wildlife technology program. The work entails studying the stomach contents of fishers, a carnivorous North American mammal related to the weasel.

These solitary animals are fairly small, weighing up to 14 pounds, and have long bushy tails. Trapping for fishers is allowed in the fall in most of the state, largely in the Adirondacks, Hudson Valley and North Country, with a brief season in the Southern Tier.

The state Department of Environmental Conservation dropped off 500 frozen fisher stomachs at FLCC last year as part of an effort to gather data on New Yorks fisher population. Fur trappers provided the carcasses so the DEC could study the teeth (to determine age), uteruses of females (to see how many kits they had) and the stomachs (to find out what they really eat).

Van Niel and his students can answer the last question: Fishers eat smaller mammals, as you might expect, but plenty of berries, fish, frogs, birds and, it seems, other fishers.

The students are earning a paycheck, learning research procedures and gathering data for further study or decisions about wildlife management. They understand their work will long outlast their time at FLCC.

Its like a good kind of pressure, said Bliss co-worker, Jessica Froebel. Weve added to what the DEC can use and thats important.

DEC biologist Scott Smith saidthe work of Bliss, Froebel and other students before them saves DEC biologists and technicians untold hours and provides training for the next generation of wildlife professionals.

Having this snapshot of a fisher diet will allow the DEC to identify any potential difference in feeding strategies between historic fisher range and the more recently occupied habitats across central and western New York, Smith said. Fisher were once considered a creature of the big woods, but in recent times have been found to excel in non-traditional habitats of mixed agriculture and even suburbia.

The information has value to non-scientists, too. The students have not found evidence that fishers eat domesticated animals like chickens or pets.

We often hear concerns from the public about the potential impact of fisher on other species like turkey and gray squirrel, Smith added. It's important to know for a fact what fisher are preying on. This study is showing that fisher rarely, if ever, consume wild turkey.

Fishers are known for their strategy in attacking porcupines they go for the face first to incapacitate but the project results suggest they may not resort to this tactic very often.

The data collection process starts with thawed organs, numbered in batches of 10, in an outbuilding at the FLCC Muller Field Station at the south end of Honeoye Lake. Froebel and Bliss open the stomachs, then remove and rinse the contents in strainers. They have gotten used to the smell, they said, except for the instances when a fisher has preyed on skunk. Next, they place the contents on numbered petri dishes and take a look under a microscope.

Im seeing a lot of fur here, Bliss said, as she pickedthrough the material. There are two different animals in here, based on the feet I found, and theres some red fur, possibly a squirrel.

Looking at another small pinkish-red mass, Bliss continued, I can tell this is a head because I can see the jawbone here.

The students identify the undigested materials using field guides and information they have learned from doing this over and over again. The contents of each stomach arematched to anumber and will be uploaded into a database that also contains the sex, age and location and date of capture. Since trapping is permitted only in the fall, the results are limited to the animals fall diet.

Van Niel checks their work, but even he gets stumped sometimes. Its humbling, he said. I guess its a good thing I like learning because Im still doing a lot of it.

Van Niel, a Seneca Falls resident, is a 1983 graduate of FLCC and holds a doctorate in teaching and curriculum from the University of Rochester. He teaches black bear management and wildlife management in addition to serving as director for both of FLCCs field stations, the 48-acre Muller property in Canadice and the 85-acre East Hill Campus in Naples. He has been teaching at FLCC since 1995.

Bliss, 21, a Canandaigua Academy graduate, will get her FLCC degree in fish and wildlife technology in December. She has a two-year degree in animal management from Niagara County Community College and works part time at Seneca Park Zoo in Rochester.

Froebel, 25, went to Alden High School in Erie County and will graduate with an associate degree in fish and wildlife technology next spring. She plans to use some of the fisher data for a mapping project in her geographic information systems class to see if diet varies by location. She was recently accepted into Cobleskills wildlife management bachelors degree program.

Four others took part in the fisher research in previous semesters.

Jacob Ameele, a 2020 fish and wildlife technology graduate, and Allison Pellett, a 2020 environmental science graduate, were the primary student workers on the project. Courtney Renner, a 2020 environmental science graduate, and Gina DeBlieck, an environmental science major, also contributed to the research. FLCCs conservation degree programs include environmental conservation law enforcement and natural resources conservation.

Bliss and Froebel are enjoying the hands-on aspect of the project and the unpredictable nature of research. Unlike a lab exercise, there is no answer key.

My grandfather used to say, Every day you dont learn something new is a day wasted," Froebel said. This helps me learn something new. You never know what you are going to find.

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What do fishers eat? Theres only one way to know for sure -


Posted: November 27, 2020 at 1:00 am

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This student just became the first Latino DACA recipient to win the Rhodes Scholarship – msnNOW

Posted: November 27, 2020 at 12:59 am

Courtesy Santiago Potes

In second grade, Santiago Potes walked into Marina Esteva's gifted and talented classroom at Sweetwater Elementary School in Miami, Florida, for the first time.

He was an undocumented immigrant from Colombia who entered the country when he was 4 years old. Esteva said she quickly noticed his intelligence and wanted to nurture him toward success.

Now, Potes is the first Latino DACA recipient to be awarded a prestigious Rhodes Scholarship.

On Saturday, the Rhodes Trust announced that Potes, a 2020 graduate of Columbia University in New York, would be one of the 2021 Rhodes Scholars.

Potes traces all his success back to Esteva, the teacher he saw twice a week from second to fifth grade in elementary school.

"She was one of the biggest blessings that I've had in my entire life so far," Potes told CNN's Poppy Harlow.

"My parents didn't go to college. My parents had me when they were 16 years old. So, she really became kind of like my first mother figure actually. She went out of her way to teach me a rigorous education."

Video: First Latino DACA recipient receives Rhodes Scholarship (CNN)

First Latino DACA recipient receives Rhodes Scholarship

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That included a lesson about what it meant to be a Renaissance man, a term that young Potes took to heart. In addition to his academic success, Potes is also an accomplished violinist and is fluent -- or near fluent -- in nine languages, one of which is Chinese.

In their announcement, the Rhodes Trust wrote, "Santiago has been a teaching or research assistant for leading professors in physics, philosophy, social psychology and neuroscience, and won numerous college prizes for leadership as well as academic performance. He is widely published on legal issues relating to DACA status, was one of the DACA recipients featured in a brief filed with the Supreme Court to preserve DACA."

"He is so complete. He's a well-rounded human being," Esteva told CNN.

"With the highest moral caliber, with a sense of justice, with a sense of what is excellence, and willing to sacrifice for excellence, not for show, but for excellence itself."

Esteva is a Cuban refugee and immigrant to the United States herself. She said it means even more to have teacher and student both Latino immigrants and refugees, two generations of opportunity and success in the United States.

"I wish there were a larger national conversation about how important elementary school teachers specifically are," Potes said.

He said he would not have reached this level of success if Esteva had not told him from an early age that she believed he could do great things.

For her part, Esteva said she just spotted what was already innately in Potes as a child.

"I planted a seed in fertile soil. You took care of a plant. You are the one who made it possible."

Potes will study contemporary East Asia and international politics at Oxford University with an eye toward working in national security in the United States. His program will begin in October 2021.

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This student just became the first Latino DACA recipient to win the Rhodes Scholarship - msnNOW

Eat 6 times a day to lose weight under this program –

Posted: November 27, 2020 at 12:58 am

Under the program you are sent 5 packets of fuel per day and then you make a meal on your own.

There's a diet that is helping people lose weight fast. So in February we shot testimonials and a doctor's opinion.

But then the pandemic hit. So did wearing masks. We decided to hold the story.Now we know maintaining a healthy weight is more important than ever, since obesity is a risk factor for severe, even deadly COVID-19.

This plan safely brings the food to your home, and the support can be done virtually for physically distancing.

"I'm at the orthopedist's office for my follow up and I have to get on the scale, and I'm like, 'Wait, what!' It was quite a shock," said Elinor Dorsey, 57, an Optavia coach in Covington.

"People would say, 'No, you won't look good in that because your behind's too big,' or you know it's, 'My face was so fat,'" said Lydia Steele, 57, an Optavia Client.

"I found myself to be in my 50s and the heavy blonde," said Chloe Coombe, 65, an Optavia client and coach.

The three women bonded over a weight loss program that they say took off pounds fast, and was easy to follow.

RELATED: Mackie: Once again Mediterranean diet a winner for weight loss, healthElinor Dorsey says her weight gain happened fairly recently when she fell, broke her arm and needed surgery. It was also around the time she lost her mom.

"It was just a lot more than I even thought. Like it was kind of like what I would weigh when I was pregnant. Like kind of scary, you know," remembers Dorsey.

And then three years ago she heard a friend talk about a weight loss program that focused on health, with some flexibility. Four months later, she took the step.

"I can't tell you what made me pick up the phone this one day, but one day I just knew like something has to give," Dorsey said.

And it did.

"The first week I lost four pounds, which was a lot for somebody five feet four inches." Then the next week I lost two pounds and I remember coming and telling my husband, 'This is going to work. I'm going to reach my goal,'" Dorsey said.

In a little more than three months, she did reach her goal. Twenty-fivepounds were gone, and then to her surprise anothereight came off.

"To do this program for four months and everything needs to be taken in, it was crazy," Dorsey said about her clothes.

Elinor follows Optavia. You eat six times a day, 800 to 1,200 calories total. There's a variety of 60 mini meals or 'fuelings' as they are called, like shakes, bars, soups, biscuits and pudding, to keep your metabolism revved up. There are customized plans but most people are on the 5&1, meaning 5 of those fuelings, bought from the company and delivered to your home, then one lean and green meal, with vegetables and protein to help keep you from losing muscle.

It is low in simple carbs, like sugar and starch. There is free support, a personal coach for counseling, and an extensive online community. Coaches can give advice for what to order if you're going out to eat, and there are numerous shared recipes for lean and green home meals. You're encouraged to drink 64 ounces of water a day and get seven hours of sleep. Elinor had so many people notice her transformation, that she became a coach.

"It keeps me accountable and it's just very rewarding to help somebody with something they're struggling with. I mean, I can't think of a greater way to spend my time," Dorsey said.

"Having a weight loss coach is shown to, is shown to provide the kind of support that most of us need to loose weight, so it is a good thing," explained Dr. Melinda Sothern, of LSU Health Sciences Center School of Public Health.

A health, exercise and weight loss expert Dr. Sothern says if you stick to commercial weight loss programs, they can be effective, especially over the short term. Long-term weight loss is more rare, but there is science suggesting that online and personal coaching, like Optavia has, lead to weight loss success two years later. Dr. Sothern also points out the benefit of planned meals and snacks.

"There's numerous studies going back decades to show that if the food is packaged for you, and it's delivered to you, and you don't have to think, and you don't have to shop, and you don't have to cook, you're more likely to follow the plan, and you're more likely to lose weight," explained Dr. Sothern.

Another benefit: feeling satiated.

"So when you remove the carbohydrates and the sugar, and replace them with proteins and fats, you're going to feel full faster," said Dr. Sothern.

"Well after one week I wasn't hungry.My one complaint was why do I have to keep eating," said Steele.

Registered nurses Lydia Steele and Chloe Coombe asked Elinor to coach them. Lydia remembers being overweight as far back as grade school.

"Somebody said as I was eating Cheetos, 'Well that's why she's so fat," remembers Steele.

She is a type 1 diabetic and found that the 5&1 program did not work well for her, so Elinor got advice and recommended the 3&3 program.

"After that, the weight just started falling off, so within, I would say, two months, two and a half months, I had lost 20 pounds," said Steele.

"The first three days were hard because you're just starting something new. You're getting rid of sugars,and within a month, I had lost the prescribed amount of weightthat they say that you will, if you stay on the program. And within about four months, I had lost 45 pounds," said Coombe.

The women say when they put some pounds back on, they just get back on the program, but they do that before any weight gain gets out of control. Chloe's son rewarded her success with a trip overseas to visit him.

"They call it habits of health. I prefer to call it, not habits, but decisions. That's a stronger word. It is for my health, and it is for the rest of my life," said Coombe.

"The program is all about building new habits and it's one habit at a time, and it's replacing old habits with new habits," said Dorsey.

And Elinor takes her role as a coach seriously.

"You're sharing private things, like for instance, I have a book where people's weights are written down. If this house was on fire, that's the first things I'm grabbing," said Dorsey.

And remember the shock Elinor felt getting weighed at her doctor's office? Well, not after she lost weight.

"I thought I was going to cry.I was like, 'I did it!'So,I mean, I know how people feel, likeI feel emotional evensaying that, but it's true," Dorsey said with her eyes tearing up.

Same thing happened to Lydia when she got weighed in the doctor's office.

"And I just smiled because I knew I don't have to worry about this. And the nurse turned and just, her mouth just dropped," remembers Steele.

Oh, and remember the grammar school classmate who called Lydia fat as she ate Cheetos? Well recently, after more than 40 years,Lydiaapproached him.

"I said, 'Do you remember when you said that to me, because it lasted with me.' And he said, 'I am so embarrassed. I am so embarrassed. Now look at me and look at you,'" Steele recalls.

And the three women are not looking back. Most of their larger clothes are out the house for good.

The packaged foods cost around $400 a month and are delivered to your home. The personal coach and online help is free.

Coach Elinor: 985-264-0507

Coach Chloe: 985-778-9082

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Eat 6 times a day to lose weight under this program -

Higher COVID-19 Risk Leading More Patients With Obesity To Weight Loss Surgery – CBS Boston

Posted: November 27, 2020 at 12:58 am

BOSTON (CBS) Kayla Northam, a nurse at Faulkner Hospital, knows first-hand what can happen when patients with obesity are hospitalized with coronavirus.

These people are getting sicker, they are in the hospital longer, she told WBZ-TV. Unfortunately, a lot of patients who pass away, its because of their obesity and other risk factors.

Weighing nearly 300 pounds after college, she also knows what it is like to live with that risk factor.

I couldnt walk up a flight of stairs without stopping to catch my breath, she remembered. They told me I probably wouldnt be able to conceive naturally.

But today shes a healthy weight and mom to baby Jonathan, thanks to bariatric surgery at Massachusetts General Hospital. Kayla says the surgery changed everything about her life, including her ability to work with Covid-19 patients without worrying about her own added risk.

I would be a lot more afraid than I am, she said.

Kaylas doctor at Mass General, Dr. Fatima Cody Stanford, says shes seeing twice as many patients now as she did prior to the pandemic. Some of them are brand new patients and others are patients who have long resisted the idea of surgery.

Many of them are stating that the reason why they are making that change really has to do with Covid, she said.

Bariatric surgery is not a quick fix, but the weight loss that results can eliminate other risk factors like high blood pressure and diabetes.

Kayla understands surgery can be scary, but for her, the benefits have been life-changing.

I dont know if I would have been the nurse I am today, who is physically able to do those things to take care of my patients and I wouldnt have had my son, who I love very much.

Higher COVID-19 Risk Leading More Patients With Obesity To Weight Loss Surgery - CBS Boston

Boxing Heavyweight Champ Mike Tyson Reveals 100-LB Weight Loss Ahead of 1st Fight in 15 Years – AmoMama

Posted: November 27, 2020 at 12:58 am

Mike Tyson shocked "Good Morning America" viewers on Monday, November 23, after he took off his hoodie to reveal a toned body following his 100 lb weight loss.

Former Heavyweight Champion Mike Tyson has been working hard to beat his body back to shape and it looks like it has finally paid off. The 54-year-old is happy with the progress and decided toshow itoff during a recent interview.

While talking to "Good Morning America" co-anchor T.J. Holmes, Tyson looked super excited to unveilhis impressive body and took everyone by surprise after pullingoffhis hoodie to flex those rock-hardmuscles.


The former pro boxer happily shared that it was all the progress he has made so far. "This is where it's at. This is where it's at, brother," he shared as Holmes' eyes widened in disbelief.


Apparently, Tyson's wife played a big role in his weight loss journey.When Holmes asked Tyson what his weight loss secret was, he shared how difficult it was to get on track. He said:

"I became a vegan. My wife told me to get on a treadmill.I went from 15 minutes on the treadmill and ended at two hours.I had to lose 100 pounds."


Tyson is all about hard work and has done it his whole life,so even thoughlosing that much weight was difficult, he kept pushing himself. His dedication and positive outlook have earned many praises.

Tyson's goal is to be in the best shape for his comeback fight with Roy Jones Jr. this weekend. He will take on Jones in anexhibition fight and looks highly motivated for the epic challenge.

The boxing legend has been teasing his fans with videos and photos of himself looking jacked for a couple of months now. Not only did he prove that his body is ready to fight, but he also reminded the world that he has still got that knockout power.

In an Instagram story video that he shared back in September, Tyson almost knocked his trainer Rafael Cordeiroout as he threw a series of power-packed punches at him. Cordeiro did not see it coming!


As he ducked his head out of the way, Cordeiro looked shocked. After watching the video, former boxers weighed in and said that the November 28 fight might leave Jones seriously injured.

Even Jones seemed to be worried about his decision to take on one of the most powerful boxers of all time. Calling Tyson a big and explosive guy, he was wondering If he had made a mistake. Only time can tell!

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Boxing Heavyweight Champ Mike Tyson Reveals 100-LB Weight Loss Ahead of 1st Fight in 15 Years - AmoMama

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