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You in the Mood to Diet? – Daily Pioneer

Posted: July 16, 2021 at 1:48 am

Himanshu Taneja, culinary director, Marriott International, discusses the inherent relationship between good food and an elevated mood with Christy Varghese

More than a year after the first pandemic-induced lockdown, most people continue to stay indoors, choosing to work from the safety of their homes. In the backdrop of this major change, there has been a distinctive shift in eating and sleeping schedules, with oscillating moods being a noticeable side-effect.

Earlier, the lockdown was regarded as an opportunity to adopt healthy habits, however, most of us have grown complacent, with our dietary preferences now including a balance of comfort foods, healthy food and stress eating now and then.

Anticipating the trend, Himanshu Trehan, the Culinary Director of Marriott International, introduced a Mood Diet menu, to meet the nutrient requirements of consumers while elevating ones mood. During a quick chat, he guides us through the nuances concerning the menu.

Over the last year, we all have experienced untimely food cravings despite having a full meal when we were stressed. Having studied the pattern, the specially curated Mood Diet was designed around the concept of marrying the daily nutrient requirements with the unconscious food cravings that emerge from a fluctuating temperament. Between quality and what appeals to the taste buds, food goes a long way in enhancing our mood since both have a scientific and sentimental correlation. We have curated recipes which include foods that help enhance and boost moods, Himanshu expressed.

When we quiz him about the conceptualisation of the menu, he told us about the science behind the menu. Your diet plays an imperative role in justifying mood satisfaction as what you eat plays a considerable role in calming your mind and stabilising nutritional imbalances. So, if you are angry or irritated, dopamine-rich resources like nuts, almonds, walnuts and chicken can help you calm your nerves. Similarly, if you want to enhance a romantic mood with your partner, locally sourced figs and a green asparagus salad can help create the mood to match the moment, he shared with a smile.

He further added that the menu was put together to acknowledge the effect of the pandemic on our minds and bodies.

The entire idea behind is to balance the daily nutritional necessities with mood-boosting food offerings. Some of the foods that can be added to our diet include fatty fish, dark chocolate, nuts and seeds, berries and fermented food. These can either be consumed directly or added in combination to prepare a recipe with easily available ingredients at home. These are high in protein and Omega 3 fatty acids and have an immediate mood-boosting effect by increasing levels of serotonin, a mood-regulating hormone, in your body, Himanshu told us.

To alleviate various moods one might experience when restricted indoors, or otherwise, the Mood Diet menu has dishes that range from a Nasi Goreng to a Tandoori Chicken to a Hot Mezze box.

(The Mood Diet menu from Marriott Bonvoy on Wheels is available in 13 hotels across India.)

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You in the Mood to Diet? - Daily Pioneer

EagleVail road diet creates another piece of Vail Pass to Glenwood Canyon recreation path – Vail Daily News

Posted: July 16, 2021 at 1:48 am

The road diet underway in front of the EagleVail business center is expected to be complete by the fall, with the county already scheduling a Sept. 13 ribbon cutting for the new trail it will provide.

The highway is in the process of being condensed from five lanes to three lanes near mile markers 172 and 173 to create a new hard surface recreation path for pedestrians and bikers.

Milling operations began in June from mile marker 170 in Dowd Junction through mile marker 174.5 at the Avon/Beaver Creek roundabout.

CDOT says milling work is expected to be complete next week, and paving will take place in the week that follows.

In addition to the new pedestrian lane, crews will also repave Highway 6, repave the I-70 eastbound on-ramp at exit 169 and the westbound off-ramp of exit 171, replace the guardrail in the area, create ADA-compliant ramp upgrades, conduct erosion control and build more wildlife fencing.

The long-imagined effort to create a continuous hard surface trail from Vail Pass to Glenwood Canyon will be down to its final few segments with the completion of the EagleVail road diet.

CDOT Executive Director Shoshana Lew said the project will improve safety and efficiency for residents, businesses, and visitors traveling by all modes.

These lasting impacts, re-evaluated to be more responsive to community needs, dedicate more space to multi-modal improvements and better support the vitality of EagleVails commercial main streets, she said.

But farther to the east in Dowd Junction, where the highway drops to two lanes, a final segment preventing connectivity from Vail to Edwards will not be realized by going on a road diet.

Kevin Sharkey, the countys trails program manager, said that last section will require more engineering and is on pace to be completed by the fall of 2022.

Sharkey will also cut the ribbon on an important connector in the effort to include Red Cliff and Minturn in the Eagle Valley Trail on Aug. 16. The Eagle River Water and Sanitation District, Eagle County and the town of Minturn recently collaborated to see the completion of a pedestrian bridge in Minturn which will help connect those towns to the Eagle Valley Trail.

The Down Junction to Minturn section of the trail is also a priority, but once the EagleVail section is completed, along with a section between the Horn Ranch Open Space and Edwards, and a section between Duck Pond Open Space and Dotsero and Glenwood Canyon, the trail will complete Eagle Countys section of the paved trail system that envisions connectivity from Breckenridge to Aspen, Sharkey said.

The Eagle Board of County Commissioners has pledged $9 million to complete the remaining sections, but Sharkey said an additional $18 million will likely be required on top of that.

Eagle Countys contribution will jumpstart a multi-year fundraising process led by the ECO Trails Committee, a partnership that includes county government as well as the towns of Gypsum, Eagle, Avon, Vail, Red Cliff and Minturn.

Sharkey said July 8 the Northwest Council of Governments board approved, in concept, the use of their foundation to collect and manage donations, and a fundraising campaign will be launched in the coming weeks.

And on Tuesday, Sharkey said, the Eagle Board of County Commissioners will consider a resolution for obtaining more funding dedicated toward the completion of the Eagle Valley Trail by 2025.

Part of the funding strategy includes the use of annually renewing certificate of participation bonds, a way governments can leverage assets to access cash without voter approval.

More details will be presented at the Tuesday Board of County Commissioners meeting, Sharkey said.

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EagleVail road diet creates another piece of Vail Pass to Glenwood Canyon recreation path - Vail Daily News

The importance of nutrition and diet in HIV and AIDS – Medical News Today

Posted: July 16, 2021 at 1:48 am

HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system. If a person does not receive treatment for HIV, they may develop AIDS. People with HIV or AIDS need a diet that can boost their immunity. A balanced eating plan can also help them cope with the symptoms of their condition and the medication side effects.

Eating foods rich in vitamins and minerals can be beneficial for people living with HIV or AIDS. Fruits, vegetables, and whole grains are good sources of nutrients.

Due to impaired immunity, individuals with HIV or AIDS should follow extra precautions to avoid getting foodborne infections. This includes measures such as avoiding eating raw fish and undercooked eggs.

This article discusses the importance of nutrition and food safety for people living with HIV or AIDS. It also lists the foods to include and avoid and offers tips on how to manage eating-related problems people with HIV or AIDS may have.

Good nutrition is beneficial for everyone, but it is especially important for people living with HIV or AIDS, who have various health challenges. One of these is impaired immunity.

According to the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), the immune system of a person with HIV has to work harder to fight infections, which requires more energy. For this reason, they may need to eat more food.

HIV and AIDS can also cause weight loss. This is a common problem for people whose HIV has advanced. This is because the infection can reduce appetite and make a person too tired to eat.

Difficulty eating that results in weight loss may also occur due to symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and mouth sores.

Read more about HIV symptoms here.

According to the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (AND), eating a nutritious diet has various benefits for people with HIV or AIDS, including:

The reduced immunity due to HIV and AIDS makes a person more susceptible to foodborne illnesses.

Germs in food and water can cause infections that last longer and are more serious in people with HIV or AIDS than they are in someone with healthy immunity.

Therefore, in addition to eating nutritiously, those with the conditions should take extra precautions when cooking and eating.

The VA offers the following recommendations:

Water may also contain bacteria, viruses, and parasites. To avoid becoming ill from contaminated water, a person may wish to buy a water filter to install in their home.

A person living with HIV or AIDS may also consider using only boiled water for cooking and drinking.

The AND recommends eating foods rich in vitamins and minerals, as the body needs these for immunity, healthy blood cells, and other aspects of wellness.

Such foods include:

In addition, people with HIV should drink 810 glasses of water or other fluids per day, as it:

Learn about 15 benefits of drinking water here.

The VA recommends the following for a person with HIV:

Foods and beverages people with HIV or AIDS should avoid include:

The VA offers advice on managing various eating problems a person with HIV or AIDS may experience.

A person can try to increase their appetite by doing the following:

Learn about appetite stimulants here.

To manage nausea, a person can take the following steps:

Learn about home remedies for nausea here.

People can try to manage diarrhea in the following ways:

Learn about home remedies for diarrhea here.

To manage difficulty swallowing, individuals can take the following steps:

To prevent weight loss, a person should consume more of the following:

Learn about which foods can help a person gain weight safely here.

If a person has difficulty eating, they should consult a registered dietitian. They can ask a doctor for a referral to one who has experience with people living with HIV or AIDS.

Not everyone with HIV has the same symptoms of the infection or the same side effects of medication. Also, some individuals with HIV may have other conditions that a balanced diet can help with.

A dietitian can tailor a diet to meet a persons specific nutritional needs.

Learn more about the role of nutritionists and dietitians here.

If a person has HIV or AIDS, the right nutrition and diet can help their immune system fight infections.

Certain eating practices can also help manage an array of eating problems that people living with HIV or AIDS experience, such as nausea and difficulty swallowing.

A balanced diet for people with HIV or AIDS involves fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean meats, and low fat dairy foods. It also limits the intake of salty and sugary foods, along with foods that are high in saturated and trans fats.

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The importance of nutrition and diet in HIV and AIDS - Medical News Today

Fermented-food diet increases microbiome diversity and lowers inflammation, study finds –

Posted: July 16, 2021 at 1:48 am

In a clinical trial carried out by scientists at the Stanford School of Medicine in the US, 36 healthy adults were randomly assigned to a 10-week diet that included either fermented or high-fibre foods rich in legumes, seeds, whole grains, nuts, vegetables and fruits.

The two diets resulted in different effects on the gut microbiome and the immune system. Those eating foods such as yogurt, kefir, fermented cottage cheese, kimchi and other fermented vegetables, vegetable brine drinks, and kombucha tea experienced an increase in overall microbial diversity, with stronger effects from larger servings.

"This is a stunning finding," said Justin Sonnenburg, PhD, an associate professor of microbiology and immunology. "It provides one of the first examples of how a simple change in diet can reproducibly remodel the microbiota across a cohort of healthy adults."

In addition, four types of immune cells showed less activation in the fermented-food group. The levels of 19 inflammatory proteins measured in blood samples also decreased. One of these proteins, interleukin 6, has been linked to conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, Type 2 diabetes and chronic stress.

"Microbiota-targeted diets can change immune status, providing a promising avenue for decreasing inflammation in healthy adults," said Christopher Gardner, PhD, the Rehnborg Farquhar Professor and director of nutrition studies at the Stanford Prevention Research Center. "This finding was consistent across all participants in the study who were assigned to the higher fermented food group."

By contrast, none of these 19 inflammatory proteins decreased in participants assigned to the high-fibre diet. On average, the diversity of their gut microbes also remained stable. "We expected high fiber to have a more universally beneficial effect and increase microbiota diversity," said Erica Sonnenburg, PhD, a senior research scientist in basic life sciences, microbiology and immunology. "The data suggest that increased fiber intake alone over a short time period is insufficient to increase microbiota diversity."

A wide body of evidence has demonstrated that diet shapes the gut microbiome, which can affect the immune system and overall health. According to Gardner, low microbiome diversity has been linked to obesity and diabetes.

"We wanted to conduct a proof-of-concept study that could test whether microbiota-targeted food could be an avenue for combatting the overwhelming rise in chronic inflammatory diseases," Gardner said.

The researchers focused on fibre and fermented foods due to previous reports of their potential health benefits. While high-fibre diets have been associated with lower rates of mortality, the consumption of fermented foods can help with weight maintenance and may decrease the risk of diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular disease.

The researchers analyzed blood and stool samples collected during a three-week pre-trial period, the 10 weeks of the diet, and a four-week period after the diet when the participants ate as they chose.

The findings paint a nuanced picture of the influence of diet on gut microbes and immune status. On one hand, those who increased their consumption of fermented foods showed similar effects on their microbiome diversity and inflammatory markers, consistent with prior research showing that short-term changes in diet can rapidly alter the gut microbiome. On the other hand, the limited change in the microbiome within the high-fibre group dovetails with the researchers' previous reports of a general resilience of the human microbiome over short time periods.

The results also showed that greater fibre intake led to more carbohydrates in stool samples, pointing to incomplete fibre degradation by gut microbes. These findings are consistent with other research suggesting that the microbiome of people living in the industrialized world is depleted of fibre-degrading microbes.

"It is possible that a longer intervention would have allowed for the microbiota to adequately adapt to the increase in fiber consumption," Erica Sonnenburg said. "Alternatively, the deliberate introduction of fiber-consuming microbes may be required to increase the microbiota's capacity to break down the carbohydrates."

In addition to exploring these possibilities, the researchers plan to conduct studies to investigate the molecular mechanisms by which diets alter the microbiome and reduce inflammatory proteins. Another goal is to examine whether the consumption of fermented food decreases inflammation or improves other health markers in patients with immunological and metabolic diseases, and in pregnant women and older individuals.

"There are many more ways to target the microbiome with food and supplements, and we hope to continue to investigate how different diets, probiotics and prebiotics impact the microbiome and health in different groups," Justin Sonnenburg said.

Gut-microbiota-targeted diets modulate human immune status

Hannah C. Wastyk, Gabriela K. Fragiadakis, Dalia Perelman, Erica D. Sonnenburg, Christopher D. Gardner, Justin L. Sonnenburg


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Fermented-food diet increases microbiome diversity and lowers inflammation, study finds -

Unhealthy diet? Food safety regulations need updating | TheHill – The Hill

Posted: July 16, 2021 at 1:48 am

While our nation has been focused on COVID-19, other public health problems have not disappeared. In particular, microorganisms transmitted by food continue to cause major public health problems in the United States.The bacteriasalmonellaandcampylobacterare of specific concern, accounting for over 70 percent of the foodborne illnesses tracked by the Centers for Disease Control and Preventions (CDC) Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network.Thesetwo bacteria annually accountfor approximately 3 million illnesses in America and cost over 6 billion dollars.Chicken and turkey are among the most common foodborne sources for these bacteria.

As leading food safety scientists in the United States, we have spent our careers trying to fight this problem.Salmonellaandcampylobacterare so damaging to public health that reducing the number of these illnesses is included in the Health and Human Services Healthy People goals, national health goals set every 10 years.The number of people falling sick from these bacteria has not changed in 20 years, though, meaning the Healthy People 2020 illness reduction goals were not met and almost the exact same goals were included inHealthy People 2030goals established last year.

A primary reason for this lack of progress is the outdated food safety regulation of poultry products by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), which has not substantially changed since the 1990s. The regulation is based on science that lags behind what we know today.

The regulation approaches all types and amounts ofsalmonellaand campylobacter contamination the same.New evidence shows that somesalmonellatypes, such assalmonella Heidelberg, pose a much greater danger to human health than others, such as salmonella Kentucky, which causes very few human illnesses.New technology is also available to distinguish between these types ofSalmonellaand estimate the amount of bacterial contamination on products.Yet, under the current regulatory system, onesalmonellaKentucky organism in a 25-gram sample of chicken is treated the same as 1,000 multi-antibiotic resistantsalmonellaHeidelberg in the same size sample.The same holds true for finding one campylobacteror more dangerous amounts in a sample.USDAfoundsalmonellain 31 percent of ground chicken and 8 percent of chicken partsit sampled at slaughter plants in 2019.It did not consider thesalmonellastrain or whether the sample contained one or 1,000 bacteria in determining if action to protect consumers should be taken.

This system of treating all contamination the same establishes disincentives for controlling the most dangerous types ofsalmonella. AssalmonellaKentucky is the most common type ofsalmonellathat is found on poultry carcasses, resources are spent attempting to preventsalmonellaKentucky contamination and diverted from developing programs targetingsalmonellatypes that actually threaten public health.

Another key problem with current regulations is that they focus solely on the presence ofsalmonellaandcampylobactercontamination in slaughter plants and on poultry end products, drawing attention away from where the bacteria may be most effectively controlled: at the farm. Some European country regulators have already successfully focused on farms, where vaccination (available for somesalmonellatypes), hygiene, and other control practices can have an impact felt throughout the supply chain.Reducing contamination at the farm can also reduce the spread ofsalmonellato nearby water that could contaminate fields used to grow produce. In contrast, the end-product focus in the U.S. establishes incentives for companies to respond tosalmonellaand campylobacterprimarily with post-slaughter controls that allow them to meet the broad regulatory standards.

The changes needed are clear.Regulation at the USDA should better encourage reducing poultry contamination with the most dangerous bacteria at all stages of the supply chain and help prevent them from even entering slaughter plants. In addition, regulations should reduce contamination with thosesalmonellatypes which pose the most danger to the public rather than target allsalmonella and should include a focus on reducing the frequency of contamination with high levels of bacteria.Years of evidence indicate that the current regulations do not work as well as they should to protect public health. Trying to meet the 2030illness reductiongoals with the same regulations and policies that already failed makes no sense.

COVID-19 made clear that there are many weaknesses in our public health system that should have been addressed before the pandemic. We know that our food safety system is antiquated; now is the time for regulatory changes.Lets modernize our regulatory approach, using up-to-date science, to truly build an effective and efficient national food safety system.

Craig Hedbergis professor and interim division head, Division of Environmental Health Sciences at the University of Minnesota.J. Glenn Morrisis director of the Emerging Pathogens Institute and professor of medicine at the University of Florida.Martin Wiedmannis a professor of food safety and food science at Cornell University.

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Unhealthy diet? Food safety regulations need updating | TheHill - The Hill

The nuts and bolts of factoring CO emissions into Danish diets: ‘We saw a unique opportunity for human and planetary health’ –

Posted: July 16, 2021 at 1:48 am

In January of this year, Denmark published its new official dietary guidelines. For the first time, the advice which replaced that introduced in 2013 factored in both human and planetary health.

The development process for the new guidelines started back in 2018, when the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration (DVFA) tasked the National Food Institute at DTU with reassessing the 2013 advice with health and environmental sustainability in mind.

The Institute saw combining health and sustainability as a unique opportunity to benefit both the planet and Denmarks population health, recalled its director Christine Nellemann at a recent European Food Forum (EFF) event.

So what scientific research contributed to the decision-making?

To begin with, DTU Food considered the varying climate impacts associated with different protein-rich foods by drawing on Joseph Poore and Thomas Nemeceks 2018 study Reducing foods environmental impacts through producers and consumers, published in the journal Science.

Food products from beef or lamb have quite a large CO emission per kilogram of product, Nellemann told delegates. Looking at other meat products, such as chicken and pork, however, reveals a much lower footprint. Lower still are plant-based proteins, and some vegetable oils.

This is quite a complex field when you look into the different food products, we were told.

The task became increasingly more complex when the Institute investigated the variances in dietary environmental impacts.

DTU Food observed that by following the dietary guidelines of a western diet, consumers could lower the carbon footprint by between 5-10% and land use by between 5-20%. No change would occur to blue water use, the water on the surface and in groundwater reservoirs, but green water use rainfall that infiltrates into the soil and is available to plants could be cut by 6%.

Following another diet, that of inter-food group substitution whereby a climate-friendlier food within the same food group is consumed, for example chicken instead of beef could cut the carbon footprint by 20%, and land use by between 20-35%.

Plant-rich and vegetarian diets push the environmental benefits even further. When following these diets, consumers would not only substitute food items within the same food group, but incorporate more plant-based foods. Flexitarians would fall under this category.

Under this scenario, the carbon footprint could be reduced by up to 35%, and land use by between 20-50%. Small changes could be made to blue water use, and a significant 18% reduction in green water use, Nellemann continued.

And finally, following a vegan diet would drive the most dramatic changes, with a 45-50% reduction in carbon footprint, a 50-55% reduction in land use, and a 26% reduction in green water.

From this data, DTU scientists observed that environmental impacts could be reduced by changing food groups. But actually, we could do a lot by eating more plant-based food, said Nellemann.

The scientists combined research from a variety of sources to create the report, which would then form the scientific foundation for the Danish Dietary Sustainable and Healthy Dietary Guidelines.

Evidence used included not only that concerning the climate impact of foods and diets, but also their nutritional values. Specifically, the scientists looked at the EAT-Lancet reference diet and analysed the Danish food database to determine which foods are consumed locally.

Then we looked into what foods, and in what amounts, reflect the Danish food culture. We needed to have some local or national or regional work on these dietary guidelines, as I see it, because otherwise we are not going to follow them, said Nellemann.

The last step was to adjust the nations 2013 food based dietary guidelines, taking the scientific evidence, as well as the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (NNR), into account.

DTU Food submitted its report to the government in February 2020. Stakeholder involvement was then sought from industry organisations, NGOs, and academic institutions, which preceded a consumer survey and a pilot campaign. The official guidelines launched in January 2021.

The published document is made up of seven guidelines, some of which have been altered since the 2013 advice.

In 2013, for example, the guidelines advised Danes to 'eat varied and not too much'. The 2021 update advises Danes eat plant-rich, varied and not too much.

Eat more vegetables and fruits remains unchanged from the 2013 version. A 600g portion of these categories combined is recommended.

However, the values for eat less meat choose legumes and fish has been amended. In the latest guidelines, the recommended weekly meat portion has been lowered to 3 x 50g, and 100g of pulses is recommended daily. Concerning fish, 350g is recommended per week.

Elsewhere in the guidelines, the government recommends Danes eat whole grains; choose vegetable oils and low-fat dairy products; eat less of the sweet, salty, and fatty; and drink water.

Additional tips include limiting food waste, and opt for the Keyhole logo a voluntary nutritional labelling scheme used in Sweden, Denmark and Lithuania carried by products that adhere to standards on fat, sugar, salt, fibre, and whole grain content.

One of the things I like about this campaign is that no one can do everything, but we can all do something, said Nellemann. I think this is what we need as consumers, to feel and think that we can do something. And here are some guidelines that we can use.

The DTU Food chief also appreciates the guiding nature of the campaign, she suggested. It is not restrictive, saying you can only eat this, an approach she doesnt think would help. But actually, its a guiding and helping hand to understand what we can do ourselves.

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The nuts and bolts of factoring CO emissions into Danish diets: 'We saw a unique opportunity for human and planetary health' -

Ariana Biermann Is All About Balance When It Comes to Her Diet See What the Dont Be Tardy Alum Eats! – Life&Style Weekly

Posted: July 16, 2021 at 1:48 am

Indulging and eating clean it can be done! Ariana Biermann is proof of that. The former Dont Be Tardy star is open about her incredible 50-pound weight loss, and shes more than happy to flaunt all of the different foods she eats while maintaining her trim figure.

However, the Bravo alum doesnt always get positive reactions when she shares her journey online. In July 2021, Ariana slammed fans and followers who had been speculating that she has an eating disorder following her impressive weight loss.

Im so over everyone acting like I lost 50 pounds overnight, the influencer explained via her Instagram Stories. I was 167 [pounds] my sophomore year. 145ish [pounds] my junior, started really working out, eating healthy, etc. [in] January of 2020. I am now 118 [pounds] over a year and a half later. I was 125 [pounds] last summer. Please stop. I do not have an eating disorder. I worked my ass off to get to where I am today. I am not sick. This is ridiculous and awful to say to someone. Stop commenting on peoples bodies and worry about yourself.

The starlet has previously opened up about body-shaming and receiving hate for being heavier however, she still made it a point to explain how she was able to drop the weight and find her confidence.

She added in subsequent posts on her Instagram Stories, I wish I could give yall some insane secret to get skinny overnight, but I cant. Thats not what I did. I ran [three to five] miles a day with a waist trainer on in 90-degree weather. I went to the gym and worked out. I went into a caloric deficit. I did intermittent fasting. I counted my calories. I ate healthy. I stopped snacking. I didnt drink soda anymore. So, it is a process. It takes time. But believe in yourself. Do it for you. You got this st!

It was not easy. But it was the best thing I ever did for myself and my body, Kim Zolciak-Biermanns daughter added. Im so happy with myself. Ive never felt so beautiful.

Scroll through the gallery below to see photos of what Ariana eats for breakfast, lunch, dinner and in-between!

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Ariana Biermann Is All About Balance When It Comes to Her Diet See What the Dont Be Tardy Alum Eats! - Life&Style Weekly

The Covid DIET revealed first study finds the foods that protect against coronavirus… – The US Sun

Posted: July 16, 2021 at 1:48 am

THE first study of its kind has discovered the diet that can protect you from both catching Covid, and getting severely sick from it.

It means stocking up on foods like salmon, porridge and baked beans while steering clear of white bread, processed meats and ice cream.


Unsurprisingly, researchers led by Kings College London found that it was healthy foods that were linked to a lower risk of Covid.

They said a good quality diet improves gut health, which in turn can boost immunity and potentially protect you from Covid.

The study found people with the highest quality diet were around 10 per cent less likely to develop Covid than those with the lowest quality diet.

They were also 40 per cent less likely to fall severely ill.

The study was based on data from almost 600,000 British and American people using the ZOE Covid Symptom Study app.

Contributors filled out a survey about the foods they ate in February 2020, just before Covid was declared a pandemic.

Of the 600,000 app users, nearly 32,000 ultimately caught Covid, according to the symptoms they reported.

Their diets were used as a way to measure Covid risk.

Read our coronavirus live blogfor the latest updates

Meanwhile, another study published in June found that a daily cup of coffee can protect against the virus.

It's thought the antioxidant and antiflammatory compounds in the brew mediate the risk of developing symptoms, researchers said.

Each person in the ZOE study was quizzed on their food intake, asked how often they ate 27 food items in a typical week from either "rarely" to "five or more times a day".

The researchers then stratified the foods in two ways, describing their methods in a pre-print paper published online.

One method had a score of between 14 (bad diet) and 70 (good diet), while the other had a range of between five (bad diet) and 15 (good diet).

High points were given for eating foods like:

Lower points were given for foods that are ultra-processed or high in sugar, salt or unsaturated fats, or that generally shouldn't be overconsumed such as:

Those with the healthiest diet tended to be women, older, healthcare workers, have a low BMI, exercise, and live in affluent areas.

This is the first study to show that a healthier diet actually reduces the chances of developing the disease in the first place.

Coffee 'protective against Covid'

Caffeine addicts can rejoice that their morning cuppa is protective against Covid, according to one study.

Researchers with Northwestern University analysed nearly 40,000 people from the UK Biobank - a database of health information used for studies.

The team studied dietary habits, particularly intake of coffee, tea processed meat, red meat, fruit, vegetables and oily fish, between 2006 and 2010.

Then they linked the data up with Public Health England Covid testing data.

They found habitual consumption of one or more cups of coffee per day was associated with about a 10 per cent decrease in risk of Covid-19 compared to less than one cup a day.

Coffee contains hundreds of compounds, some of which have antioxidant and antiinflammatory properties.

Coffee consumption favourably correlates with inflammatory biomarkers linked to Covid-19 severity and mortality, study authors wrote.

Eating veg and being breastfed as a baby also had protective effects, the study suggested.

But as the study is only observational, more research is needed to confirm the findings.

The results were published in the Nutrients journal.

It comes after other smaller studies have shown that people who are vegan or pescatarian are less likely to become severely ill with Covid.

Professor Tim Spector, lead scientist at ZOE COVID Study and professor of genetic epidemiology at Kings College London, said: These findings chime with recent results from our landmark PREDICT study, showing that people who eat higher quality diets have a healthier collection of microbes in their guts, which is linked to better health.

You dont have to go vegan, but getting more diverse plants on your plate is a great way to boost the health of your gut microbiome, improve your immunity and overall health, and potentially reduce your risk from Covid-19.

Professor Andrew Chan, a gastroenterologist and director of epidemiology at Massachusetts General Hospital, and professor at Harvard Medical School, said: Diet quality is an established risk factor for many conditions that are known to have an inflammatory basis.

Our study demonstrates that this may also hold true for Covid-19, a virus which is known to provoke a severe inflammatory response.

Importantly, the relationship between diet quality and Covid still remained after accounting for other risk factors, such as age and ethnicity.

The link was independent of obesity too, meaning if someone was fat but ate healthily, their risk may be reduced. The same would go for skinny people who ate an ultra processed diet.

But the odds of Covid were amplified by living in a poor area.

People living in low-income neighbourhoods who had a poor diet had a 25 per cent higher risk of Covid than rich people who were eating in the same way.

Based on these results, the researchers estimated how many cases might have been avoided if this was not the case.

They said nearly a quarter of infections could have been prevented if these differences in diet quality and socioeconomic status had not existed.

The researchers therefore said the study emphasises how important access to nutritious foods are.

Dr Sarah Berry, study co-lead and Reader in nutritional sciences at Kings College London, said: Access to healthier food is important to everyone in society, but our findings tell us that helping those living in more deprived areas to eat more healthily could have the biggest public health benefits.

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The Covid DIET revealed first study finds the foods that protect against coronavirus... - The US Sun

Diet Is More Linked to Mental Health for Women, Study Finds – The Beet

Posted: July 16, 2021 at 1:48 am

Your mood may be directly related to your food. That's the finding of a new study published in the Journal of Personalized Medicine, Women's mental health is tied even more directly to the food they eat, since eating a healthy diet of whole grains, dark leafy greens, beans, and nuts allow people to work out more often than a standard American diet high in fat and simple sugar, which can negatively impact mood.

The study, led by researchers at Binghamton University, found that womens mental health is more impacted by diet, exercise, and even caffeine than men are. It also foundthat the anxiety that caffeine can cause some women is neutralized by exercise. The study tracked the eating habits of some 1,200 men and women over the age of 30 via anonymous online questionnaires, to find out the impact ofdietary factors such as how often they ate healthy, what they ate in the hours before exercise, andhow caffeine impacted their mental health.

By the end of the study, the researchers found that women's mental health was more linked to dietary factors than men's mental wellbeing is. They found key variations in dietary and lifestylehabits that can either support or deter one's mental wellbeing and mood,proving that mood and food are integrally related.

So if you think your stress eating is leading you to eat chips, cookies, and other junk food, it very well could be the other way around: Junk food is bringing down your mood and leading to poor diet and other self-destructive habits. Diet plays a key role in mental outlook, resilience, and overall mood, the study found. The answer is to eat healthier to feel better both mentally and physically, according to the authors.

"Interestingly, we found that for unhealthy dietary patterns, the level of mental distress was higher in women than in men, which confirmed that women are more susceptible to unhealthy eating than men, Dr. Lina Begdache, Ph.D., RDN, an Assistant Professor at Binghamton University who is also the principal investigator of the study, said in an interview.

Past studies have investigated gender-specific dietary patterns and their effect on mental distress. A 2018 study published in Nutritional Neuroscience by the same lead researcherDr. Begdache, found that mental wellbeing was associated with a Mediterranean-style diet in women and a Western diet in men. Moreover, wellbeing for women is harder won: Women are less likely to experience mental wellbeing until a nutritious diet and a healthy lifestyle are followed, the study states.

Participantsfilled out a questionnaire online and the data was collected over three-yearintervals to account for the change in seasonality and to diversify the target population. Responses were collected from North America, Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa. The studyfound a strong correlation with following healthy dietary practices, exercise, and mental wellbeing.

The study examinedhow oftenparticipants ate these foods:

Most of these food groups are low incalories and high in fiber, and are packed with micronutrients such as B vitamins, minerals, and omega-3 fatty acids all of which increase brain function. Study subjects reported how often they ate these foods, and whether they ate them prior to or in conjunction with their exercise routine.

Results of the study found that eating more healthy food groupswas alsoassociated with a higher frequency of exercise, suggesting that there is also a link between eating healthy foodand exercise whichalso is known to improve mental wellbeing. This may be attributed to how the nutrients in the foods lead to keeping blood glucose steady as well as maintaining normal blood pressure, and strong skeletal muscle, which all support ones ability to exercise, previous studies have found.

Moreover, science has shown that the nutrients in these food groups (whole grains, darky leafy greens, various beans, and nuts), lead to optimal neurotransmitter synthesis and brain function, which may enhance motivation and performance of the physical activity. Food groups may provide a certain concentration of amino acids that act as neurotransmitters. Some of these neurotransmitters can impact mood and motivation, Dr. Begdacheexplained.

Lack of consuming healthy food not only negatively influences ones daily workout routine but also causes mental distress. The working muscle and the brain are high metabolic organs, which may share the same energy source and necessary nutrients. Therefore, when people workout heavily without proper nutrition, their brain function may be impactedleading to stress and low mood, Dr. Begdache says.

Previous studies have shown that excess caffeine has been linked to feelings of anxiety. This study observed that exercise reversed the negative relationship between caffeine and mental distress in women but did nothave the same effectin men.

This association can be attributed to how stimulants work on the brain. As a stimulant, it activates the hypothalamic, pituitary, adrenal (HPA) axis that modulates the stress response,"the study states. "Caffeine delays fatigue during exercise, it concludes. Therefore, women who consume high levels of caffeine and do not exercise are more likely to experience mental distress than those who do exercise.

Consuming caffeine prior to exercisehas been shown to helpincrease the benefits of exercise by allowing the individual to work out longerwithout fatigue.Previous studies have shown that consuming caffeine before a workout can enhance performance. The study authors said moreresearch is needed to understand how caffeine, exercise, and mental wellbeing are linked.

Previous studies have shown that exercise improves mental health by reducing negative moods and by improving self-esteem and cognitive function. This is attributed to how physical activity increases endorphin levels, the bodys famous feel good chemical produced by the brain and spinal cord, which creates feelings of happiness and euphoria.

The study found that low to moderate exercise supported mental wellbeing among men regardless of the food groups they consumed. However, low exercise did not lead to mental wellbeing in women even if they consume healthy food. This suggests that women need to engage in moderate to vigorous physical activity in addition to a healthy diet to achieve mental wellness.

Ultimately, the differential relationship between exercise, mental wellbeing, and healthy food among men and women requires further exploration. Future research on diet and mood should consider the potential indirect effect of exercise as a mediator.

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Want to fight fatigue? Start with tweaking your diet. – Houston Chronicle

Posted: July 16, 2021 at 1:48 am

In todays society, we talk about how busy we are like a badge of honor humble bragging about how late we went to bed, how early we got up or how we never have free time to exercise. Comparing hectic schedules can become an unspoken competition amongst friends and family members as we praise each other with comments like How did you work that many hours this week?, or I cant believe how much you have on your plate, its so impressive how you manage it all. The irony in these compliments is that while being busy is championed, consistently overstretching ourselves can chip away at our daily energy levels and metabolic processes, resulting in stress and fatigue.

As we push the limits of what our brains and bodies can handle on a daily basis, people often seek an answer to the million-dollar question of how to increase their stamina, have more energy and avoid fatigue. There are several factors that make fatigue difficult to treat, the first being that fatigue is a symptom, not a disease state or condition. Fatigue could be a result of a plethora of causes such as hectic lifestyles, regularly not sleeping well, eating poorly, aging or perhaps an underlying medical condition that affects energy to name just a few reasons. Or, it could be all of these things combined, and more. You have to pinpoint what is causing the fatigue to get it to go away, which can be perplexing and takes time.

MORE FUEL UP: What to know about staying hydrated in the Houston heat

Another challenge in treating fatigue is that it presents itself differently depending on the person. For me, I feel sluggish and as if I could lay down on the spot and take a nap regardless if Im in my cozy bed or at the grocery store. Many people feel a different combination of signs, such as weak muscles or brain fog. Each persons definition of how it feels to be energized and what contributes to that feeling is unique, making fatigue difficult to define and study in research. Since medical treatment is based on scientific research studies, we currently dont have specific nutrition treatment that targets fatigue. If you suffer from chronic fatigue, I strongly recommend working with a doctor and registered dietitian to holistically explore and treat the source.

The promising and positive news is that we do have nutrition recommendations for the systems that overlap and work together to promote energy production and mitigate fatigue. People often go for extreme interventions like sketchy herbal supplements to battle debilitating fatigue. I recommend following the nutrition tips below in sequential order as a checklist to help boost energy and fight fatigue.

1. Identify gaps in your daily health and wellness routine: Your health and wellness routine should consist of regular exercise, seven to nine hours of quality sleep, a balanced diet, staying hydrated and regularly practicing stress management. This is the low-hanging fruit that people often ignore in the pursuit of more energy and focus. To feel good on a daily basis, its essential to practice these pillars of wellness on a daily basis.

2. Eat to meet your calorie (energy) needs: Calories are a unit of energy. I often find that patients I work with are either drastically undereating, or consuming too many calories both of which can lead to fatigue. Many people chronically and severely restrict food in an effort to lose weight, which can hinder your metabolism and lead to very low energy. Nowadays, there are many apps and websites that can help you calculate a very rough estimate of how many calories you need in a given day and subsequently log your food intake. Even if you try this out just for a few days, you can determine if you are roughly coming in range of your needs. For more specific numbers and potential calorie goals, it would be helpful to work with a dietitian. In general, you want to spread your intake out by aiming for three meals and one to two snacks per day.

3. Make breakfast part of your daily routine: Breakfast should always be one of three meals helping you meet your energy needs. Ideally, your breakfast should include a high-quality carbohydrate such as fruit or grains, a source of protein and some healthy fat like avocado or peanut butter. Many people dont have time to make a full-blown breakfast or are simply not breakfast people if this is you, anything is better than nothing, even if its just a handful of nuts or a protein smoothie. Having breakfast revs up your digestive system, provides some energy and sets the tone for the rest of the day.

MORE FUEL UP: Want to reduce inflammation? Try the Mediterranean diet.

4. Skip the inflammatory foods: Low-grade inflammation is often discussed in research as a contributing factor to fatigue. We want to minimize foods that could increase inflammatory load, like highly processed foods, and foods high in sugar or saturated fats. When we feel fatigued, our inhibitions are typically lowered and we are more inclined to choose these highly palatable foods, contributing to a vicious cycle. Instead, pack on the antioxidants with fruits, vegetables and unsaturated fats. Omega-3s in olive oil, avocado, nuts and oily fish are particularly anti-inflammatory and have been shown to contribute to better mood and cognition. Try to aim for at least one serving of fruit and one serving of vegetables (about cup of each) per meal and swap the potato chips for nuts.

5. If you consume alcohol, do so in moderation: If you do not consume alcohol, there is no need to start! Drinking in moderation is defined as one standard size drink for women and two standard size drinks for men per day. Alcohol can disrupt sleep quality and cause fatigue even after just one drink. We want to be mindful of our fluid consumption in general. Water should be our primary source of fluid intake. Coffee or caffeinated beverages can increase alertness, but it is easy to over-do it and should only be used as a short-term intervention. Energy drinks should be avoided when trying to beat fatigue, as people often experience significant crashes when the energy wears off. These drinks also typically contain unknown amounts of added ingredients in the form of proprietary blends, which can present risks in not knowing all thats in said blend.

6. Dont be afraid to snack strategically: Snacks are usually the first to get the boot when one is trying to cut back on their intake. In my opinion, snacks should be incorporated into everyones daily nutrition routine. They present an excellent opportunity to obtain more nutrients and fuel to help you maintain your energy. When we go long periods of time without eating, our blood sugar drops and we feel fatigued and lethargic. To bring it back up and feel more energized, have a snack! Fruit is an excellent option, as youre getting both carbohydrates and energy, as well as antioxidants. Aim for at least one snack per day in between meals to keep up your energy.

7. Work with a dietitian to pinpoint nutrient deficiencies: If youve written a check mark next to all of the points above and still feel abnormal fatigue, its time to work with a doctor and dietitian for a more personal plan. Completing bloodwork and identifying any nutrient deficiencies could provide solid answers as to why you feel fatigued. Many people with chronic fatigue immediately turn to supplementation in an effort to address the issue. One study looking at a sample of adults with chronic fatigue syndrome demonstrated that many people with this diagnosis take supplements even though they report the supplements do not appear to enhance their health-related quality of life. Some supplements often advertised for fatigue are forms of antioxidants, like coenzyme Q10, or are molecules that are cofactors in processes that help produce energy, like vitamin b12. Remember the saying from sixth grade science class: the mitochondria are the powerhouse of the cell? Some supplement products, like NADH, target mitochondrial function to in theory, help stimulate energy production and decrease fatigue. More studies are needed, but a dietitian can help you decide if this is worth exploring for your case, and help you find a safe product as well.

There are many individualized factors at play that influence fatigue. Its crucial to practice foundational healthy behaviors to mitigate fatigue and pinpoint its source.

Emma Willingham is a registered dietitian who practices in an outpatient hospital clinic and through her private practice, Fuel with Emma. You can find her on social media at @fuelwithemma.

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Want to fight fatigue? Start with tweaking your diet. - Houston Chronicle

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